Detail from the Last Supper stained glass window in All Saints Parish Church Croydon, in memory of Sophia Mirabella Sandilands, wife of the rector 1859 'An Account of all the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon
in the County of Cambridgeshire commencing from 1 January 1843'
by Reverend Francis Fulford 1803-1868 (Rector at Croydon 1841-1845).
Additional notes by Reverend R S B Sandilands (Rector 1845-1864).
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The Reverend Francis Fulford was appointed Rector of Croydon-cum-Clopton in Cambridgeshire in July 1841, remaining in that parish for four years. In January 1943 he began to compile a list of inhabitants adding their ages, occupations, literacy and church attendance as well as some 'off the cuff' comments. The notebook - a "Speculum Gregis" - or Mirror of his Flock - was updated by his successor, the Reverend R S B Sandilands until 1848, when it was put away with other parish documents, and eventually after the departure of the last resident Rector, was deposited in the Cambridgeshire Record Office (P 53/1/11).

An early transcription of the "Speculum Gregis" was published as "The Rector and his Flock" in 1980 by Bassingbourn

 

Booklets, with additional commentary by editor David Ellison. The transcription used on this website (currently pages 1 to 29 inclusive) is my own and taken from the original document.

This new updated and corrected online version of the "Speculum Gregis" has the original Fulford preface, the Ellison introduction, the full text of all 91 pages (both basic and annotated), additional genealogical information, a detailed alphabetical index of names, and background material on the Reverend Francis Fulford, the village Rector who went on to become the first Bishop of Montreal in Canada.

Steve Odell [ ]

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The Speculum Gregis 1843-1848:
- The 1843 Preface by the Rev Francis Fulford.
Annotated Pages:
- Pages 1 to 9
- Pages 10 to 19
- Pages 20 to 29
- Pages 30 to 39
- Pages 40 to 49
- Pages 50 to 59
- Pages 60 to 69
- Pages 70 to 79
- Pages 80 to 91
Basic Text:
- Pages 1 to 9
- Pages 10 to 19
- Pages 20 to 29
- Pages 30 to 39
- Pages 40 to 49
- Pages 50 to 59
- Pages 60 to 69
- Pages 70 to 79
- Pages 80 to 91

Index of Names (Alphabetical):
- Surnames A to H - (Allen to Hows)
- Surnames I to L - (Ilot to Lyon)
- Surnames M to S - (Martin to Summerkin)
- Surnames T to Z - (Thacker to Wynn)

  The Rector and his Flock (1980) Ed. David Ellison:
- Introduction by David Ellison (this page).
- The Croydon Riot - Cambridge Assizes October 1832
- Croydon Farmers - Croydon farms and farmers (work in progress).

Croydon Parish Church
- 'All Saints' Parish Church - a short introduction.
- Sunday School and Confirmation Lists (1842-1846)
- Revd Francis Fulford - Rector 1841-1845.
- Revd R S B Sandilands - Rector 1845-1864.
- Baptisms (1840-1845) - Church Records.

Miscellany:
- Croydon Photographs - A small but growing selection of early Croydon photographs.
- 1841 Census - The Croydon census of Sunday 6 June 1841.
- The Lost Convict - Four of the threshing machine rioters were sentenced to be transported for 7 years. Only two reached Australia.
- Croydon History - Domesday Book and Parish history.
- 150th Anniversary Sermon - By the Bishop of Montreal on the 150th Anniversary of Francis Fulford's Consecration as Bishop.
- Feedback - Guest book, feedback, comments and research.
- The Clopton Way (Cambridgeshire County Council leaflet).
- History and Footpaths (Croydon Parish Council leaflet).

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The village of Croydon was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book where its name was spelled 'Crauudene' - derived from the Old English crawe and denu, meaning 'Valley of the Crows'. Although the parish and village are now officially Croydon, until the last   century the village was more usually known as 'Croydon-cum-Clopton' ('Croydon-with-Clopton'). Clopton was a medieval village to the west of Croydon which became deserted in the 16th century. The site of Clopton is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
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[This online edition of the Croydon "Speculum Gregis", owes a huge debt to the Bassingbourn Booklet published in 1980 as "The Rector and his Flock". This is the booklet introduction by series editor David Ellison.]

'The Rector and his Flock'

The Reverend Francis Fulford was instituted as Rector of Croydon in Cambridgeshire in July 1841, remaining in that parish for four years. He compiled a list of inhabitants adding their ages, occupations, literacy and church attendance as well as some 'off the cuff' comments. The notebook - a Speculum Gregis or 'Mirror of his Flock' - was updated by his successor, the Reverend Sandilands until 1848, when it was put away with other parish documents, and eventually after the departure of the last resident Rector, was deposited in the Cambridgeshire Record Office (P 53/1/11).

Two young people from Croydon, Sharon Leonard and Clare Randall, became interested in it when studying the past history of the village and its people. A junior form [at Bassingbourn Village College], 2A, transcribed parts of it in the 1978 summer term, from a zerox [photocopy], and Mrs Leonard kindly retyped the text initially. As the Rector himself wrote a short preface we have left this at the beginning, and added a concluding commentary. The cover is the work of Clare Randall, Kevin Knight, assisted by Mrs Carol Bibby. Andrew Hitch redrew the plan of the Caxton workhouse.

  Help with old photographs, and much other assistance, has come from Mr Michael Petty of the Cambridgeshire Collection in Lion Yard, Cambridge. We acknowledge the assistance and courtesy of Mr Stanley French of Downing College, who most kindly allowed pupils into his archives on more than one occasion. The London, Ontario, Librarian took the trouble to forward out letter of enquiry to the Public Archives of Canada, who kindly forwarded a copy of a document showing Croydon people in Canada. The Librarian of Montreal cathedral also sent us Xeroxes of old Canadian biographies of Fulford.

The draft on Victorian Croydon was most kindly read by David Billings, Terry Smoth and Mrs Muriel Singleton of the College staff; the sheets were collated by kind pupils, and Mrs Lorna Burnhams and Mrs Peel did the photolith work. The errors that remain are the Editor's.

David Ellison
Editor [written in 1980]

"Copies available from Bassingbourn Village College, or
The Editor, 41 High Street, Orwell, Cambs, or
Croydon Parochial Church Council.

"Net Proceeds to the Bassingbourn Village College School Fund and the Croydon Parochial Church Council."

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Looking for Someone?
Seach our Index of Names. Over 1200 'Speculum Gregis' names, known variations and context in alphabetical order.
Or use the Search Box at the top of each page. Search every word from 'Speculum' Gregis and my other local history sites.
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This concluding paragraph is an simple appeal for your help and support in saving All Saints, the parish church where Francis Fulford was Rector. In recent years, Croydon's church has received generous support from English Heritage, the Cambridge Historic Churches Trust and the Historic Churches Trust. Further support and   financial help has also been received from local organisations, friends and individual parishioners. Indeed it has needed a huge community effort to keep this historic medieval church open. Further extensive works are required if the future of this beautiful building is to be secured.
All Saints Parish Church c1905   All Saints Parish Church c2005
Please support All Saints Parish Church!
All donations, however large or small, would be greatly appreciated. Donations and enquiries should be sent to:
  Revd Felicity Couch, The Rectory, 8 Fishers Lane, Orwell, Royston, Cambridgeshire SG8 5QX, United Kingdom.
Cheques should be made payable to 'Croydon PCC'.
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© Website and Transcription Copyright Steve Odell 2002-2014. 
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